A new dimension in agriculture
STRIP TILL N°1 ON THE MARKET!
Strip till is a system of land cultivation based on deep, vertical scarification of narrow soil strips, in which mineral fertilizers and plants are sown. At the same time, interrows are left unscarified.
Strip till lets you obtain and keep beneficial soil properties, increases efficiency and profitability of plant cultivation and at the same time protects the environment.
Typical features of strip till:
Soil cultivation only in rows
Crop protection – scarified and aerated soil
Significantly reduces costs
Reduces CO2, emission between 7% to 35%
Uses localized vertical soil fertilization
Reduces time spent on cultivation
Czajkowski Strip Till Unit
offers many financial benefits
reduces the use of fertilizers
reducing the amount of fuel consumed
reduces the time spent on cultivating, fertilizing and sowing
FERTILIZATION AND SOIL STRUCTURE IN STRIP TILL
Soil structure is determined on the basis of the shape, size and durability of aggregates formed by soil particles. It is one of the basic soil properties – crucial both from the ecological and practical point of view. In natural soils, structure mostly depends on vegetation, water conditions, bedrock and the climate. Permanent fine aggregate structures – coprolite or gravelly – are the most beneficial for the correct growth of most plants. They facilitate rooting and life of soil fauna. Moreover, they provide optimal air and water conditions and make it easer for rainwater to sink in, thus partially protecting the soil against erosion.
A well-developed soil structure resembles a sponge characterized by a complex particle system (aggregates) and canals created by roots and soil organisms.
Human activity in agriculture is the key factor determining both the type and quality of the structure – including the types of the used agrotechnical treatments.
Ploughing is the main cause of significant structure transformations. It makes surface layers of the soil strongly aerated and dried out, which worsens the conditions needed for soil organisms to develop (e.g. earthworms, microorganisms), increases the pace of humus decomposition and leads to its lower content. Soil exposure is also responsible for intensified water and air erosion, further worsening of the soil in terms of organic component content and decreased biological activity. Mass (clay soils) and low-aggregate (sandy soils) structures are created as the outcome of the above-mentioned changes. Due to the low water resistance of such an aggregates, the soil surface is easily caked and capped.
Cultivations with limited ploughing – including strip till – improve the overall condition of agricultural soils. Such soils are characterized by regeneration of fine aggregate structures and increased humus accumulation, reduction of surface runoff by as much as 92% and lower soil loss by 95% (in comparison to ploughing), multifold increase in earthworm population and general biological activity. Along with the development of a favourable soil structure, its natural functionality and resistance to degradation is brought back.
Marcin Świtoniak PhD, professor at UMK in Toruń
TECHNOLOGY IN HARMONY WITH NATURE
Unquestionable climate changes and the related more frequent droughts connected to wind erosion favour the use of technologies, which maintain moisture in the soil for the longest time possible.
That’s why it is worth protecting the soil against water and organic matter losses. It’s also worth taking care of an increased activity of biological life in the soil, including earthworms, its loosening, improved structure and reduced compactness. Strip till allows the correct level of hydration to be maintained.
Mulch allows water to skin into the ground, so that the soil is kept moist for a longer time. There’s no caking and erosion – water and wind. Water reaches the roots through tunnels made by earthworms.
The Czajkowski ST technology meets the challenges of modern agriculture by ensuring optimal conditions for cultivation. Scarification, soil fertilization and sowing are reduced to a single drive through the field. Ecological aspects change the approach towards agriculture and cultivation.